(en franšais)

Some informations of the most relevant type I quote in the paragraph below was sent to me by Mrs Francoise DHELLEMMES-BRASME from Concarneau (France) who I make a point here to thank.

In "Epigraphie du Pas-de-Calais" by R. Rodier, volume III, 8th booklet, 2nd supplement, we have the illustration and the description of a die having been used to produce a numismatic piece in the honor of sieur Jean BREMME (IEHAN BREMME) from the town of Boulogne-su-Mer.


Iehan Breme. - Circular, XIV th century, 20 mm. - A Breme (talking weapon), surmounted by a crescent and a star; below, floods the sea. A legend between two grenetis. - surmounted by a beliere in quartefeuille. - Die found by C. Enlart in the warrens of Etaples. - J BREMME we beleive was a middle-class man ("Bourgeois") from Boulogne-sur-Mer.

It is obvious that the epigraphic nomenclature asks for some definitions. The word " bremme " on which I will come back later, has several meanings. Here, it can be associated to a breme, a fish of fresh water. The legend is by convention the text located at the periphery of the medal, in opposition to the inscription, located horizontally. The grenetis ( from the word "grain") form the cord of grains raised in bumps on the periphery. A beliere, from the Flemish word " bell " is the piece holding the ringing ball of the bell itself. In quartefeuilles means in one word only. The die is the hollow or female part of the punch-and-die unit used to strike the medal. We usually find the avers on the die, i.e. the face common to all medals of the same size. Thus, we will always find the ruler on the avers and a changing design on the revers. This for a practical reason : a different punch can be substituted more easily than a die because it is easier to engrave a punch. Consequently, we have here the main face of the medal, the one who does not change from one medal to another; the one with the recurring personage on it, in this case IEHAN BREMME. Finaly, the warren indicate a particular place close to a castle that the landlord supervised with more or less care.

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