Fourth generation


(en français)





Joseph LEBRUN DIT CARRIER I 1 and Marie-Charlotte DENIS

We remember that Joseph-Noel had been baptized in Berthier on Friday, February 26, 1745 2 and that before the age of five, he lost his father.

On Tuesday, June 22, 1750, he had to get used to a new father in the person of Pierre Bouchard. 3 His young mother would have waited hardly six months before remarrying. The new household continued to live in Saint-Vallier, 4 probably in the house that Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Senior) had bought from Laurent Tareau and that Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior) also lived in. By counting Joseph I, the Lebrun-Carrier's first three generations would have lived in this house.

In January 1756, Joseph I was 10 years old and had witnessed of the departure of his grandfather from this world. On the day of his twelfth birthday, his close circle (mainly his foster father) noticing that he will be soon a grown-up person, decided to begin to deprive him of his inheritance before he could become aware of his rights.

In 1757, all the persons capable of intervening in his favor are in the impossibility of doing so. Nobody from his lineage were there to oppose the deal concerning his rights on the succession. Indeed, the previous owner Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Senior) and Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior) were both deceased and Joseph I was too young to defend his rights.

The first deprivation 5 was of his share on the lot which is said to have come from Marguerite Lebrun dit Carrier but that Noel (Junior) had bought the rights in 1744. The deal consists in bringing together a strip of land with those that Etienne Veau dit Sylvain already had and to pay 450 pounds to his creditors. The concerned parties also had to give up their "rights and claims that they could have or pretend by the death of their mother and mother-in-law (Marguerite Lebrun) or that of Mr. Sylvain their father and father-in-law". This Mr Sylvain and his new wife Louise Labrecque would be allowed to live on that part of the lot having 3 arpentss of frontage located between Noyé Racine on the east and Etienne Lebrun on the west.

It is also at that time that the Carrier family assisted to the historic events we know too well (the take over of Quebec City). In the light of my researches, Joseph I did not take part in the Battle of Quebec in 1759, since he was only 14 years old and his father Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior) was already deceased. The same thing goes for the oath of allegiance to king of England who followed shortly after the defeat. So, we of this lineage of the Carrier family were never morally obliged to fight for England. 6

A few days before the fall of Quebec City, on Thursday, August 30, 1759, a detachment of two hundred soldiers receives the order from the English military command to join captain Gorham in Levis 7 The order was to destroy everything on the south shore of the St.Laurence river. 8 Joseph I certainly witnessed this destruction. Camping in wood, the inhabitants of Saint-Vallier saw their farms burnt, but could do nothing else than wait for the departure of the looters, which were more numerous than all residents, including women and children. Incapable of making bread, because of the lack of flour and equipment, they were forced to eat boiled wheat saved from the disaster. 9 They were able to salvage that wheat because, at the end of August, it was still too green to be burned. The cattle had been stolen together with the flour.

Two years later, the life came back to its normal course in Saint-Vallier. So, on January 31, 1762, that is, one month before being 17, Joseph I saw his foster father Pierre Bouchard buying Paul Veau dit Sylvain 's lot. 10 Paul Veau dit Sylvain was the cousin of Joseph I. The parties arranged a meeting in Joseph Sylvain's house. The lot concerned measures one arpent of width by forty of the depth. The width was divided into two equal parts of one half arpent and was part of a lot of three arpents of width situated in Saint-Michel and having belonged to Etienne Sylvain and Marguerite Lebrun the parents of Paul Sylvain. This particular lot has been bought by the father of Joseph I and was to become part of his succession. Noel (Junior) has bought it in 1744. The first half of the lot was delimited at the southeast by Noyé Racine, to the southwest, by the trails of the late Etienne Lebrun the paternal uncle of Joseph I. The salesman made the northeast line, and at the southwest, was Michel Gautron, also paternal uncle of Joseph I. The other half-arpent (of width) was delimited to the northeast to Michel Gautron and to the southeast by his trails.

Pierre Bouchard paid to Paul Sylvain rather than to Joseph Lebrun dit Carrier I, one thousand five hundred pounds cash for this lot. Joseph Corriveau, father of Marie-Josephte Corriveau signed as witness to this contract. 11 By looking at the 1762 census, I found that Joseph I was living at his foster father's place in Saint-Vallier. 12 The census taker noted the presence of two "male children over 15 years old". They certainly were Joseph I (17 years old) and Jean - François-Marie (15 years old on September 23, 1762) since Pierre Bouchard Marie-Ursule-Agnes Roy, widow of Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior), have been married for only 12 years.

The farm on which Joseph I lived, included four arpents in culture, 40 "seeded …",13 for year 1762, two oxen, four cows, one steer, six sheeps, two horses and five pigs. There was also the presence of a domestic.

Pierre Bouchard would also make one more purchase in 1762. 14 On November 23, he strengthened his distraint upon an additional part of the property having belonged to Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Senior) and inherited in this case by his grandson Louis Dodier husband of Marie-Josephte Corriveau by succession from Marie-Therese Lebrun. 15 The foster father of Joseph I paid one hundred and sixty pounds "in goods already delivered" for that strip of land 48 feet in width 16 by 40 arpents of length probably having been, originally, a part of the lot granted to Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Senior) by Louis-Joseph Morel in 1719. This Saint-Vallier's lot was in 1762 between André Poiré and Jean-Vallier Boutin. The contract of sale was written at Pierre Bouchard's residence. Joseph I was there so he has been a powerless witness of it. Marie-Josephte Corriveau for her part did not sign.

In the spring of 1763, Joseph I certainly followed with great interest the "La Corriveau" case for which the intrigue took place next door to him. Furthermore, the victim Louis Dodier was his cousin and Isabelle Sylvain, an important witness was also his cousin.

There were two trials in this case. The first one against Joseph Corriveau, accused of Louis Dodier's murder, son of his accomplice Marie-Josephte Corriveau, widow of Dodier and daughter of Joseph Corriveau, from Tuesday , March 29 until Saturday, April 9, 1763; and the second against Marie-Josephte Corriveau alone on Friday, April 15 of the same year. The military court was chaired by Lieutenant Roger Morris. The lawyer for the crown was Hector-Théophilius Cramahé and that of the accused persons, Antoine - Jean Saillant. 17

The facts: on Monday, January 27, 1763 in the morning, Louis Dodier, from Saint-Vallier de Bellechasse, about 28 years old was found dead in his stable, apparently trampled by his horses.

A neighbor who was also called Joseph Corriveau, hurried to warn his father, Jacques Corriveau, captain of the militia, that his homonym "Joseph Corriveau killed his son-in-law Dodier". The captain goes immediately to the cowshed, while he makes tell to the priest Thomas Blondeau to meet him at his house. The captain and the priest, assisted by a dozen witnesses having seen the corpse, drafted a report in which it was said that Louis Dodier was killed in his cowshed by his horse. 18 This report was brought to the English Chief warrant officer, Major Abercombe of the 78 th Regiment who was in Berthier. Abercombe expressed his sadness about the accident and ordered to bury Louis Dodier.

In the mean time in Saint-Vallier, everybody got excited around the victim. Jacques Le Clerc hastily made a coffin because everyone wanted to bury Dodier the same evening. The younger brother of the victim, Joseph Dodier (Junior) son of Marie-Therese Lebrun dit Carrier, living one lieu from there, arrived late and could hardly see the corpse, the head of whom was wrapped with a linen. The burial was made same evening of January 27 in Saint-Vallier.

On February 2 and 3, 1763, an auction sale of the personal estate of "La Corriveau" took place. Michel Gautron husband of Anne Lebrun dit Carrier, signed as witness on the report of that sale.

Isabelle Sylvain daughter of Marguerite Lebrun dit Carrier, who lived next house to the couple Dodier-Corriveau, started telling that on the night of the accident, she had heard a big noise in the cowshed, as if one had beaten horses.

Considering that rumor, the hasty funeral and the quarrels which Joseph Corriveau had had with his son-in-law, Governor Murray delivered a license to dig out the corpse and ordered to proceed to a meticulous examination. This examination revealed that the wounds received by Louis Dodier could not have been stroked by a horse, even shod (the wound near the eye was four inches deep).

Joseph Corriveau was arrested together with his daughter Marie-Josephte giving place to the first trial which was held in the Convent of the Ursulines.

In her testimony, Isabelle Sylvain, handmaid for Joseph Corriveau (the accused person) and also his niece, did not succeed in establishing the precise time of the crime between eight o'clock, on Wednesday, January 26, 1763 and the sunrise of the 27 in the morning. Having got up for some "pressing needs", she told to have been aware that Marie-Josephte had come to visit her father, who at that time, was in bed and that she had whispered to him something in the hollow of the ear. She then warmed up herself for about one half hour before leaving. It is after that visit that Isabelle would have heard the loud noise in the stable. On this last point, she had answered differently during the three preliminary interrogations of March 7, 14 and 15, 1763, in the presence of the lawyer and mister Panet.

The poor girl who was then 29 years old like Marie-Josephte, had spoken too much. She was then denying in front of the court her previous assertions, adducing that she had testified under the influence of the fear. The new reclusion was so inconsistent 19 that nothing could be used for the proof. For that reason, she was pursued and condemned for perjure.

Before condemning Isabelle Sylvain, daughter of Marguerite Lebrun dit Carrier, by the military court, Governor Murray consulted the religious authorities of Quebec City as we can see in the letter from the Vicargeneral as an answer to the Governor:

" According to the desires of your Excellence, I inquired to Mrs Parent and Blondeau, priests successively of St-Vallier's parish about the niece of Corriveau (Isabelle Sylvain). Mr Parent answers me that he considers her imbecile and that he had a lot of difficulty admitting her to the sacraments. Mr Blondeau answered the same way and he added that it is the opinion of those who know her". 20
 

At the conclusion of this trial which lasted two and a half months, Joseph Corriveau, who never testified, was found guilty of the murder of his son-in-law Louis Dodier and condemned to be hanged. Marie-Josephte Corriveau was found guilty of aiding and abetting and was condemned to receive 60 strokes of wip and to be marked with a red hot iron with the letter M (for murder).

Isabelle Sylvain on her side was found guilty of betrayal and condemned to receive 30 strokes of the nine branch wip on her bare back, in the same way, times and places (under the gallows, at the marketplace of Quebec City and in Saint-Vallier) as the said Josephte Corriveau and to be marked with a red hot iron on the left hand with the letter P for parjure (betrayal).

These sentenses were not executed. The father of La Corriveau, in his confession preceding his execution (heard by father Glapion) admited that he was not the author of Louis Dodier's murder. Father Glapion convinced him that to be hanged for the crime of his daughter was the equivalent of a suicide and that consequently, the fault was unforgivable.

Joseph Corriveau then revealed that his daughter was the sole person who killed Dodier in his bed and that he helped his daughter only once the murder has been accomplished. The mother of Marie-Josephte Corriveau as well as the young Angélique Bouchard 21 born from the Marie-Josephte's first marriage with Charles Bouchard, confirmed Joseph Corriveau's version in separate interrogations.

The second trial was quickly opened and was rather short. Everything took place on Friday, April 15, 1763. Marie-Josephte Corriveau pleaded guilty and the Court condemned her to be put to death by being suspended by chains, in an iron cage, wherever the Governor will decide 22 . The place choosen was Pointe-Lévis near the intersection of Lauzon and Bienville roads.

Four days later, on April 19, 1763, a decision from Governor Murray innocented Joseph Corriveau and Isabelle Sylvain. He recognized that Isabelle Sylvain sinned more by idiocy than by bad will, and gave her his forgiveness. His Excellence forbided to any persons in anay ways to make reproaches to the said Joseph Corriveau and to the said Isabelle Sylvain and declared that he will punish with the last rigour those that would violate this defence. This public decision was published at the door of Saint-Vallier's church three consecutive Sundays at the end of the mass.

Isabelle Sylvain returned to Saint-Vallier where she married Jean-Baptiste Grossin or Grossaints, on October 20, 1766. 23 When Luc Lacoursière made his research on folklore in Saint-Vallier, he learned from Joseph Bélanger, nicknamed "The Pope" that a song have been composed on Isabelle Sylvain. But "The Pope" died without having communicated his song. Lacoursière was not able to find it anywhere else.

Let us return to Joseph I and to other events concerning our ancestor. Fourteen years have passed since Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior) died and it is only on July 18, 1763 that a meeting was called at Pierre Bouchard's house, that house which has belonged to both Noel Lebrun dit Carrier Senior and Junior and originally bought from Laurent Tareau. The purpose of this meeting was to write a contract clarifying the sharing out of the money coming from the sale of the estate of Noel Lebrun dit Carrier Junior. 24 This task was gaven to notary Joseph Fortier who at the same occasion wrote a sale contract by Joseph Gautron to Pierre Bouchard. 25

On that summer Monday, in addition to the Notary and Pierre Bouchard habitant from Saint-Vallier there are Ursule Roy legal guardian of the children, Joseh Mercier husband of Élisabeth Lebrun dit Carrier and Joseph Boucher.

The important succession left by Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior) had brought several persons to declare themself guardians of the three boys. But who was really their guardian? François Marceau seems to have been appointed by Noel Lebrun Carrier dit Carrier (Junior) himself. First because he was their first guardian and having no family ties with the orphans, only Noel Lebrun could have been able to entrust in such an effective way his children to a foreigner before his death. François Marceau must have been such a good friend of our ancestor and could bring us light on his activities before his marriage at a relatively advanced age. Unfortunately, François Marceau died before the elder son, Joseph I, had reached the age of majority. So, Joseph Gautron, surrogated guardian "in due course and place of deceased François Marceau alive guardian of the said minors" would have required in the name of the children that Jean Marceau gave him back the "ownersship and papers" concerning the succession and having been in the hands of his brother. Jean Marceau complied to the request and gave back the documents including the report of the sale of the household having belonged to Noel Lebrun Carrier (Junior). These possessions included those received from Noel Brem (Lebrun dit Carrier Senior). The precious report which could give us so many details about our early ancestors remained untraceable. It had been written by notary Pichet. 26

Roughly speaking, the inheritance in money was divided into two equal parts. One part went to the widow, Ursule Roy, remarried to Pierre Bouchard and the other part was divided among the three children: Joseph I (18 years old), Jean-François-Marie (15 years old) and Étienne (13 years old). Jean Marceau on the other hand had to pay 46 pounds.

It is also on this same July 18, 1763 and in the same house where three generations of our ancestors lived that was written the contract of sale of the another part of the lands of Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior) to Pierre Bouchard. Pierre Bouchard had convinced Joseph Gautron to declare to notary Fortier that: "in the year 1757, when his wife Angélique Lebrun dit Carrier was still alive, he (Gautron) had sold (this piece of land) and that the contract had not been passed." This trick resulted in the transfer of this strip of land (8 feet wide by 40 arpents long) given by succession from Noel Senior to his daughter Angélique, then from Angélique to her husband , and from Joseph Gautron to Pierre Bouchard. It was part, at the origin of the lot of "four arpents or about wide" 27 located in 1762 between André Poiré and Jean-Vallier Boutin . 28

Three more years passed before a part of the realestate having belonged to Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior) was shared. A contract was passed on Friday, July 24, 1766. Once more, it was at the request of Pierre Bouchard, now co-guardian with his wife, that notary Fortier wrote it. The children, heirs-at-law, are present as well as Jean-Vallier Boutin and André Aubé witnesses and Joseph Gautron surrogated guardian.

The lot that was to be shared mesured 3 linear arpents, 29 one perche and 5 french feet of width for a total of 563 french feet or 600 english feet or 182.4 metres. It has frontage on the Saint-Laurent river and has 40 arpents (2.19 km) of depth. Its width (of 182.4 m) on the Saint-Laurent, increases in the direction of the "small river".

The partners agreed that the half of the lot going to Ursule-Agnes would be next to that of her husband. So she will receive the part adjascent to André Poiré going from the Saint-Laurent to the "small river" and continuing in the south direction, up to Laurent Roy's lot. 30

The other half is divided into three equal strips of 5 perches and 3 french feet or 100 english feet or 30.4 metres at the Saint-Laurent river 31 and were drawn at random. To do so, notary Fortier prepared three notes on which he wrote the name of each of the heirs. These notes were rolled up, blurred in a hat and a young boy was asked to draw them out. They were put on three lines representing the three strips to be bequeathed. The first name drawn was Joseph I. He will have the part next to the neibourgh. The second name drawn was "Jean-Baptist" (Jean-François-Marie). He will have the part next to Pierre Bouchard, Étienne implicitly received the part between his two brothers. 32

One year later, on Saturday, June 20, 1767, Pierre Bouchard asked notary Fortier to write two "acts of assembly". This Pierre Bouchard's initiative seems based on the fact that Étienne Roy was his half-brother-in-law. 33 In the first document, 34 Pierre Bouchard wanted to seize the lot "in standing wood", mesuring one and a half "arpent" of width by forty deep situated south of the Boyer river in the parish of Saint-Charles and property Étienne Roy and his ten-year-old daughter because of the arrears of seigneurial duties and because its owners did not know how to make the clearing as required by their neighbours and by the law. It was suggested in this document that the father and his daughter were moved in Saint-Vallier "among their relatives where they would have all help needed"; But they were clearly reluctant to abandon their owner's right saying that they wanted to decide nothing without having consulted Augustin Roy, paternel uncle and Charles Laimelin maternal uncle of the under age girl, Her cousins René " Laverdière, Nicolas Morissette and Louis Bailly as well as his friend Jean Charon. Marchants Joseph Riverin and Charles Mauvide, after considerations, give their "good and faithful opinion" to Étienne Roy that he should move to Saint-Vallier in order to find a piece of land, "this being better than loosing the whole".

We can easily guess the end of this little scheme which lead to the second act. We know very well the person ready to haggle over a place and having certain family ties with with Étienne Roy.

By this second "act of assembly", Étienne Roy and his young daughter obtained in exchange for their lot 35 that Pierre Bouchard gave them a cow and a piece of land of one arpent situated in front of 36 "Aunt Bellechasse" which was part of a Pierre Bouchard's lot limited to the northeast to Jean Laurent Roy. Étienne Roy should take his arpent of land in the northeast part, along the road to Saint-Vallier. Marchants Joseph Riverin and Charles Mauvide attended this meeting and signed at the foot of each of both acts of assemblies.

One month later, Pierre Bouchard obtained from Joseph I that he gave him up his share of the succession from his father. 37 Joseph I was then 22 years old 38 and still residing in Saint-Vallier.

On Saturday , July 18, 1767, in the afternoon, he went to notary's Fortier's office in Saint-Michel to sell his rights among which were his rights on the lot and probably on the Lebrun dit Carrier's house 39 where now live Pierre Bouchard and his mother. The contract included the renunciation of any demands which he could make after the death of his mother, "without reserving anything, exepting nor holding other than three "say" of material for clothing".

In exchange for the sale of his rights, Joseph Lebrun dit Carrier I received from his father-in-law 332 pounds on the fixed 1 800. The remainder will be settled in "common currency or good effects which they can need". So, Pierre Bouchard made Joseph I pay for the fostering of his own wife and of his two sons from the succession. It will not be a surprise when we see Joseph I still claiming to have rights on the succession on his marriage contract. The witnesses having signed at this transfer were: Michel Monmeni and Jean-Marie Ruéllan. Ursule-Agnès Roy who was closely concerned by this transfer (she was the mother of Joseph I and the wife of Pierre Bouchard) was not present. She was apparently not interested in this kind of activity. She had acted similarly, after their marriage, when her first husband Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior) had bought the rights of his brothers and sisters on the domain .

On the same Saturday, July 18, 1767, they took advantage of the availability of notary Fortier to write an additional contract. Joseph Lebrun dit Carrier I bought (or received in payment, indirectly from Pierre Bouchard) a lot in Saint-Charles. 40 The lot in question had belonged to Pierre Garant, husban of Françoise Gendron and had a surface of 90 arpents. 41 It was located in the seigneury of Lauzon, south of Boyer river and was limited to the east to the widow of Baptiste Proulx and to the west to Pierre Moore. The access to this lot was by its end on Boyer river and was mesuring 30 arpents inland. No construction was mentioned. This lot had been granted to Pierre Garant by Sieur Charest then Lord of the place, by a contract written by notary Panet on November 12, 1764. This contract together with other papers concerning the property were handed to Joseph Lebrun Carrier I . 42 Our ancestor paid 650 pounds for the lot including 326 cash.

The renunciation of his rights and the purchase of Pierre Garant's lot were written at the same time, the money (if any) were certainly passed directly from Pierre Bouchard to Pierre Garant. So, Pierre Bouchard paid only 6 pounds to Joseph I. Even these 6 pounds may have been covered by the already mentioned material for clothing. The lot bought by Joseph I was not unknown to Pierre Bouchard. Let us remind that one month earlier, a lot had been seized, which was also situated south of the Boyer river in Saint-Charles. 139

To reach the sum of 650 pounds, Joseph I on top of it, undertook to pay 326 pounds on the follwing February. The 1 st of March, 1769, an amendment is written by Fortier which gave evidence that Joseph Lebrun dit Carrier I have paid 324 pounds: 43 Pierre Garant "recognizes and confesses to have received the sum of 324 pounds for perfect and whole payment of the present acquisition".

On Thursday, November 23, 1769, Joseph Lebrun dit Carrier I and Marie-Charlotte Denis hired notary Fortier to write their marriage contract. 44 The meeting took place in the house of Charles Denis dit Lapierre father of the future bride who lives in Saint-Charles de Bellechasse. The beautiful effects brought by the bride are displayed in the house and several close relations are there too. On the bride side, in addition to her father and mother Marie-Madeleine Pichet , his brother Charles Denis Junior , Étienne and Denis LesSaints. For Joseph I, only his friend Joseph Gaboury accompanied him.. There are also, among the guests, Jean-Marie Ruéllan and Michel Patri. His mother and his foster father Pierre Bouchard are absent. Such a neglect lets suspect a quarrel of long breath.

Joseph I and Marie-Charlotte promised "to take each other party (to get married) in the church, as soon as possible" and to put in common their possessions and rights. " Those of the future husband consisting of his rights... to come for which he will ask for. 45 Those of the future bride consisting of "her rights and claims to come after the death her said father and mother". Charles Denis also gave to his daughter "his future first cow (his first heifer to be born), two ewes, the mother and the cub", his spinning wheel, a chest or sideboard and some "litrie" (bed supplies).

The couple also made the promise to give each other the sum two hundred pounds which will go to the survivor and which will be made of by furniture and clothes kept in the chest and by the bed in whatever condition it will be.

At the bottom of this marriage contract, only Joseph Gaboury, Jean-Marie Ruéllan, Michel Patri and the notary signed telling us that neither Joseph I nor Marie-Charlotte went to school.

(contract)

On Monday, November 27, 1769, Joseph Lebrun dit Carrier I at the age of 24 married Marie-Charlotte Denis 46 in Saint-Charles, Bellechasse county. Joseph I was "laboureur" (farmer) . It is remarkable that he kept the name Lebrun (dit Carrier) 47 of his biologic father rather than the name of his foster father.

In 1775, the English governor Carleton forced all Canadians to take arms to oppose the advance of Americans on Quebec City. Joseph I who was then 30 years old would have chosen to join the Americans rather than the Occupants. 48 Under the commandement of Beaujeu he would have walked with the Bostonners against the detachment of king of England. He would have been in the action at La Riviere du Sud. This battle called today The Battle of Saint Thomas had took place on the territory of the parish of Saint-Pierre-du-Sud around Michel Blais's house. 49

The investigators of Carleton would point out the next year in their report that he would have chosen without having been forced to fight with the Americans. Joseph I had good reasons for participating in this battle: destruction, by the English of his farm when he lived in Saint-Vallier, nearness between Saint-Charles where he lived and Saint-Pierre (Saint-Charles was also on the route of penetration of the Americans). Furthermore, there were military antecedents in his family: his maternal grandfather Nicolas Roy 50 had been a lieutenant of militia under the French regime and his paternal uncle Michel Gautron captain of militia for the parishes of Saint-Michel and Saint-Vallier. Another of his uncles had been a captain of militia in Saint-Vallier in 1757.. 51

The children of Joseph Lebrun dit Carrier I and Marie-Charlotte Denis whose marriages are found in the area 52 are:

1-Marie Carrier married on January 28, 1794 to Nicolas Morissette in Saint-Charles.

2-Joseph II married on October 3, 1796 to Marie-Anne Fortier 53 in Saint- Charles.

3-Angélique Carrier married on October 5, 1801 to Joseph Fournier in Saint Charles.

4-Pierre Carrier married on October 4, 1803 to Marguerite Tanguay in Saint- Charles. They lived in Saint-Charles according to the census of 1831. 54
Children: Josette (Mrs Pierre Patry Ursule (Mrs Beacute;noni Patry).

5-Jean-Baptists Carrier married on October 26, 1807 to Cécile Boutin in Saint-Vallier. They lived in Saint-Charles in 1839. 55
Children: Cécile (Mrs Joseph Fournier Junior d)) 56 Barthélémi, Joseph and Étienne.

6-Reine Carrier married on October 27, 1807 to Thomas Roy in Saint-Charles.

7-Marie-Geneviève Carrier married on September 29, 1812 to Pierre Roy.

Joseph Lebrun dit Carrier I and Marie-Charlotte Denis lived mainly in Saint-Charles. In 1796 Joseph I was was present at the marriage of his son Joseph II in Saint-Henri-de-Lévis. 57

On November 12, 1799, the mother of Joseph I née Ursule Roy was interred in Saint-Vallier. She was 72 years old. 58

On October 4, 1803, Joseph Lebrun dit Carrier I was living in Saint-Charles and was farming there. Together with his brother Étienne and his son Jean-Baptist, he accompanied his other son Pierre, who on that day, married Marguerite Tanguay of under age, daughter of Joseph Tanguay and Marguerite Roy after having obtained an exemption for a third to the fourth degree of consanguinity. 59

In 1807, on October 27, her under age daughter Reine married Thomas Roy from Saint-Michel having obtained an exemption for a third degree of consanguinity. Joseph I was there as well as his brother Étienne. 60 Joseph I Lebrun dit Carrier died on February 15, 1815 at Saint-Charles de Bellechasse, Québec. He was 72. 61


1

Son of Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior) and Ursule Roy. Not to be confused with his paternal uncle having the same first name that is to say, Joseph Lebrun dit Carrier son of Noel Brem/Lebrun dit Carrier (Senior) and Anne Brochu.

2

Tanguay vol. 5, p. 233.

3

Pierre Bouchard was the son of Nicolas Bouchard (Junior) and Anne Veau dit Sylvain from Château-Richer and the grandson of Nicolas Bouchard (Senior) from Bervenet bishopric of La Rochelle and Louise Bressard. Tanguay vol. 1, p. 70.

4

The baptisms of the five children born from the remarriage of his mother took place in Saint-Vallier between 1747 and 1761. Tanguay, vol. 5, p. 232 and vol. 2, p. 370.

5

Contract between Étienne Sylvain (Marguerite Lebrun's widower), Louis Lamelin, Joseph Garant and Élizabeth Sylvain. February 26, 1757, notary Joseph Fortier.

6

See further on, where in 1775 Joseph I would have joined the American rebellion, and when, in 1918, Aimé Carrier, son of Ferdinand, refused the conscription.

7

The English army had already taken position in front of Quebec City.

8

The devastation according to Mgr. Pontbriand concerned 17 parishes covering 36 lieux east of Quebec City including Saint-Vallier.

9

Raoul Roy. LES PATRIOTES INDOMPTABLES DE LADURANTAYE, 1977. Parti Pris Editions, page 31.

10

Sale of Paul Veau dit Sylvain's lot to Pierre Bouchard, January 31, 1762, notary Fortier.

11

It is indeed this Joseph Corriveau. Signatures on this contract and in LE TRIPLE DESTIN DE MARIE-JOSEPHTE CORRIVEAU, by LUC LACOURSIÈRE'S in Cahiers des Dix, Montreal,1968, no 33, page 221, are identical.

12

Census by the Government of Quebec in 1762. REPORT OF THE ARCHIVIST OF THE PROVINCE OF QUEBEC, 1925-26, no 6, page 41.

13

No unit of measurement is given.

14

Sale contract by Louis Dodier and Alexis Faucher to Pierre Bouchard, November 3, 1762. Fortier.

15

Marie-Thérèse Lebrun died before November 23, 1762. Idem.

16

"For each of the said (two) salesmen, twenty four feet" Idem.

17

Antoine-Jean Saillant will be paid for his lawyer's fees only three years later, on July 9, 1766.

18

The locals wanted to avoid mixing the Occupants with their business and wanted to settle the whole case amoung themself.

19

The incoherence can also be explained by the language barrier. These trials took place in English. The accused persons, the residents of Saint-Vallier called to testify, and layer Saillant named by the Court certainly did not speak English. On the other hand, Cramahé spoke french, being himself descendant of hugenot refugees from England. Translator or interpreter are nowhere mentioned.

20

Letter from the Vicargeneral, Mgr. Briand to Governor Murray, on April 7, 1763. The original of this letter is in Archibishopric of Quebec City.

21

Her father, Charles Bouchard the "first victim" of Marie-Josephte Corriveau was the brother of Pierre Bouchard foster father of Joseph Lebrun dit Carrier I.

22

Textually: "The Court ... adjudge her to suffer death by being hanged in chains wherever the Governor shall think proper."

23

Marriage contract, notary Fortier, October 10, 1766.

24

Partition of the assets of Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior). July 18, 1763, notary Fortier. Archives nationales du Quebec.

25

Sale contract by Joseph Grautron to Pierre Bouchard. July 18, 1763 notary Fortier.

26

Almost all of the Pichet's papers was burned.

27

So indicated by Fortier.

28

Noel Brem (Lebrun dit Carrier Senior) had three lots there. The one bought from Laurent Tareau in 1697 (three arpents of frontage), the one exchanged with Guillaume Le Roy in 1710 (one arpent of frontage) and the one received from Louis-Joseph Morel in 1719 (three arpents of width).

29

The arpent of Paris, a measure of area by definition is worth one hundred square perches of 18 french feet or 3418.87 square meters (Dictionnaire Encyclopedique Universel Grolier, 1966 edition, volume 1, p. 75) is used here as a lenght unit. The 100 square perches formed by a square of 10 perches by 10 perches give a linear measure to the arpent of 10 perches. So, a perche of Paris mesuring 18 french feet, we obtain a value of 180 french feet for a linear arpent. The french foot is worth 1.06575 english feet or 32.4 cm. M. Gaumond, LA PLACE ROYALE, 1976, p. 31.

30

Textually: "... la moyen parties de ce qui reviens a la mère est du costé du nordest ils sont d'accord parties que le terrin prendra depuis la ligne de André Poiré depuis le fleuve jusqu'à la petite rivière et au-dessus de celle à Laurent Roy jusqu'au sud-ouest ..."

31

Textually: " ... les trois artpents une perche et cinq pieds divisés en deux fois par moitié quinses perches onses pieds ou environ sauf a augmenter ou diminuer suivant les mesures et les quinses perches onses pieds cinq perches trois pieds dix pouces ..."

32

Textually: "... avons fait trois billets... qui sera posé sur trois lignes marqués nord-est et sud-ouest desquesl nous avons fait ouverture du premier tiré et posé sur la ligne marqué sud-ouest dans lequel s'est trouvé lu Joseph et la première part à la ligne luy apartiens ensuite ce trouve escrit Jean Baptiste le long du terrin apartenant à Pierre Bouchard par ses acquisitions des quels sort et partagà chacun se sont contenté ..."

33

Étienne Roy was born from Nicolas Roy's first marriage while Ursule Agnes (wife in first marriage of Noel Lebrun dit Carrier (Junior) and of Pierre Bouchard in second marriage) was born from Nicolas Roy's second marriage. Étienne Roy was the widower of Marie-Françoise Laimelin.

34

Title of the first one: "Acte d'assemblée par Pierre Bouchard", title the second " Acte d'assemblée par Pierre Bouchard (Échange avec Étienne Roy) ". Although both acts are written the same day, the order of precedence is clarified at the beginning of the second act by the mention " as a result of the preceding act of assembly ".

35

limited to the northeast to Boniface Obé and to the southwest by "the lot of one and a half arpent property of Étienne Roy and obtained originaly by exchange with Louis Laimelin (Contract: Fortier, October 16, 1757).

36

Textually: "pardevant la devanture à"

37

Granted by Joseph Lebrun to Pierre Bouchard on July 18, 1767, notary Fortier.

38

Majority in those times was reached at 25, so the definitive renunciation of Joseph I of its inheritance rights was not legal. In this act of July 18, 1767, notary Fortier indicates wrongly that Joseph I has atteined his majority. Ref.: Tanguay Dictionnaire Généalogique Canadien-Français, vol. 5, p. 233.

39

If it was not burn in the summer of 1759.

40

Sale by Pierre Garant to Joseph Lebrun. July 18, 1767, notary Fortier.

41

3 wide by 30 deep.

42

Concession by Étienne Charest to Pierre Garant, November 12, 1764, notary Panet. On the date of concession, the neighbour to the east was Pierre Lecompte and that on the west, Pierre Moore.

43

Added on the contract of sale of Pierre Garant's lot, July 18, 1767.

44

Marriage contract of Joseph Lebrun and Marie-Charlotte Denis, November 23, 1769, notary Fortier.

45

So, Joseph I disagreed with the conceesion he has done two years earlier while he was still under age.

46

Correctly named M-Charlotte Denis in "REPORT CONCERNING CANADIAN ARCHIVES FOR THE YEAR 1905", 1906.

47

In his marriage contract, he had said Lebrun only.

48

Report from an inquiry in the parishes of the district of Quebec for the governor Carleton by Baby, Taschereau and Williams published in "LE RAPPORT DE L'ARCHIVISTE DE LA PROVINCE DE QUEBEC " vol. 8 , 1927-28, p. 475. The author of the present monograph cannot assert with certainty that it is indeed Joseph Lebrun Carrier I because there were many Joseph Carrier of full age at the same time and in the same region. He would be grateful to every person being able to bring precision on the identity of this Joseph Carrier.

49

Raoul Roy, LES PATRIOTES INDOMPTABLES DE LADURANTAYE, Parti Pris edition, 1977, pages 48 and 49.

50

Variation: Roy

51

Information taken from the contract: "Transaction entre Étienne Sylvain veuf de Marguerite Lebrun (dit Carrier), Louis Lamalin, Joseph Garant et Élizabeth Sylvain" Fortier, February 26, 1757.

52

In counties of Montmagny, L'Islet, Bellechasse, Beauce or Dorchester, , Éloi-Gé Talbot : GÉNÉALOGIE DES FAMILLES ORIGINAIRES DES COMTÉS DE MONTMAGNY, L'ISLET, BELLECHASSE, vol. 3, p. 219-226; Éloi-Gérard, GÉNÉALOGIE DES FAMILLES ORIGINAIRES DES COMTÈS DE BEAUCE-DORCHESTER-FRONTENAC, vol. 2, p. 268-273; Charles Beaumont, GÈNÈALOGIE DES FAMILLES DE LA BEAUCE, in «RAPPORT DES ARCHIVES CANADIENNES DE 1905», (published in 1906).

53

Fortin according to Charles Beaumont (less reliable source)

54

Public archives of Canada, CENSUS OF LOWER CANADA, 1831.

55

At Cécile's marriage. Taken from Saint-Isodore parish register for the year 1893.

56

Notary in Saint-Isidore de Dorchester.

57

Taken from the register of marriages for the parish of Saint-Henri-de-Lévis for year 1796.

58

Taken from the register of the parish of Saint-Vallier for the year 1799.

59

Taken from the register of marriages of the parish of Saint-Henri-de-Lévis for the year 1803.

60

Taken from the register of marriages of the parish of Saint-Henri-de-Lévis for the year 1807.

61

Taken from the register of burials, parish of Saint-Charles de Bellechasse, Quebec, for the year 1815.



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